For many years, most of us have looked upon the drylands of the world and wondered how we could cultivate them and make them more useful parts of the world. With the constant wish to create more forest land and greenery on these areas somehow, it’s quite heartening to hear that the diversity of the planet does have its reasons after all.
It has been shown that drylands play a large part in the way the planet works through the carbon cycle and rather than being a hindrance, it is actually one of the real driving forces behind keeping the carbon cycle working fluently and effectively. This could significantly change the way that we look at many aspects of the environmental side of the world and how we can come to the best conclusions to avoid damaging it further in the future.
Because carbon dioxide is constantly moving from one part of the planet to the next without any real regard for whether it is underwater or in the air, when one part of the planet starts to absorb more carbon than the rest it is referred to as a “carbon sink”. It was noticed in 2011 that the lands like the deserts were playing a more significant role than ever before in this phenomenon.
Over the last thirty years, the productivity and additional greening of desert lands has helped contribute to this change in the cycle. It could be that over the last three decades, there has been a significant change in the way we should have been looking at the environment as a whole as well as the carbon cycle as a whole. Because of the frequency of wild fires, there is a quick turnover of carbon when compared to other less combustible source for carbon.
These significant changes have led to many research papers being edited all across the globe and new theories being drafted – after all, when dryland was seen as a different part of the ecology of the carbon cycle all of the calculations and theories have been kind of blown to smithereens with these new found results.